Build A Custom PC [Ultimate Guide]

If you have been a PC gamer for a while then one truth should already be crystal-clear to you, it’s almost always better to build your gaming PC yourself instead of buying a pre-built one.

At least if you want to make sure you are getting your money’s worth and I mean who doesn’t? You’ll always be able to pack your custom-made PC with superior specs to a prebuilt PC than why let the store rip you off? Why not just build your own PC yourself? There are usually two answers to this:

  • “I already did build my PC stop judging me, you don’t know me”.

If you fall under the first category, we suggest you keep fighting the good fight, you will probably learn something interesting from this article about the pc case parts.

  • The other and more common answer question is usually something along the lines of “well, I don’t want to mess something up I’ve never done this before”

We get it, building a PC can sound very daunting but believe us when we say that the hardest step is deciding that you’re going to do it after that everything just kind of falls into place.

To build a computer, you need to buy all the necessary parts to build a PC. As you know, a computer contains several components. What should you buy? In this article, we will show you a list of parts to build a PC.

Let’s dive right in!

Computer Parts List:

If you’re thinking, what parts are needed to assemble a PC?

Apart from the PC case and other input or output devices, here are the essential parts you require to build a PC even if you’re building one for gaming.

  • Processor
  • Motherboard
  • Memory (RAM)
  • Graphic Card (GPU)
  • Storage (HDD)
  • Power Supply Unit (PSU)
  • Cooling System

Tip: All the parts needed to build a PC must be compatible with each other.

The Processor:

The processor may also be referred to as the term “central processing unit CPU” and is considered the brain of a computer. It transforms the command it receives into actions that the computer can take and give signals to other parts of the computer for the output.

Furthermore, it sets the performance expectation of the computer. Therefore, getting a high-quality processor is vital. Intel and AMD are the two main manufacturers of processors. There are plenty of options available in both brands.

Discount: $62.52
Intel Core i5-12600K
Intel Core i5-12600K
The Socket LGA-1700 socket allows processor to be placed on the PCB without soldering; Built-in Intel UHD Graphics controller for great graphics and visual quality
$342.50 −$62.52 $279.98
Intel Core i9-12900K
Intel Core i9-12900K
The processor features Socket LGA-1700 socket for installation on the PCB
$589.99
Discount: $44.51
Intel® Core™ i5-11400
Intel® Core™ i5-11400
The Socket LGA-1200 socket allows processor to be placed on the PCB without soldering
$212.50 −$44.51 $167.99
Discount: $170.99
AMD 5000 Series Ryzen 9 5900X
AMD 5000 Series Ryzen 9 5900X
The world's best gaming desktop processor, with 12 cores and 24 processing threads; Can deliver elite 100-plus FPS performance in the world's most popular games
$569.99 −$170.99 $399.00

Elements Of Processor:

A Processor Contains three elements:

  • Clock Speed

Clock speed GHz is an indication of the speed of the processor that refers to the number of cycles a heart performs per second.

  • Cores

Cores are typically assigned to do different tasks on your computer.

  • Threads

Thread is basically a virtual version of a processor core. You can only do one task at a time and it matches the heart. Multiple threaded processors allow running up to 8 core programs simultaneously on a single processor core.

Intel vs AMD Debate:

The processor or CPU must be chosen carefully and both brands give a tough time with each other in terms of performance and compatibility. But your selection depends on the objective of your computer and your budget too.

The latest version of Intel is Core i9-11900 (16M cache, up to 5.20 GHz) with 8 cores.

On the other hand, the latest version of the AMD processor is Ryzen 9 5950x and it harnesses 16

How to Install A New Processor:

Just follow these simple steps:

  1. Pull out the motherboard and release the smart matter lever that holds the CPU retention bracket

  2. Then insert the chip. Lower the retention bracket to its original position and then, before using the lever to secure the GPU into the position.

  3. Now you can slide the notch on the end of the bracket that secures around the single screw of the base of the bracket.

Installing the Processor

Graphic Processing Unit (GPU):

A Graphics processor Unit(GPU) is also called a graphics card, which is dedicated to processing everything related to visual output like videos or images to your monitor.

The GPU is an essential part of your computer that allows your games to look more realistic without crashing your device and slowing down your game.

The two well-known graphics card manufacturers are AMD and NVIDIA and both brands have launched multiple models but regardless of GPU brands and models, there are two large groups of GPUs that you must know and differentiate in order to know how far your computer can go, and these are integrated graphics cards and dedicated graphics cards.

Graphics Processing Unit

Our Tested Graphic Cards For Gaming Build:

Discount: $426.80
Gigabyte GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
Gigabyte GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
Core Clock: 1710MHz; WINDFORCE 3X Cooler
$1,529.29 −$426.80 $1,102.49
Discount: $188.00
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Founders Edition
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Founders Edition
$2,187.99 −$188.00 $1,999.99
Discount: $215.32
ASRock RX 6800 XT
ASRock RX 6800 XT
ASRock RX 6800 XT PG D 16G OC; AMD Radeon RX6800XT Graphics Board 16GB
$969.90 −$215.32 $754.58

Integrated VS dedicated graphics card:

Integrated graphics cards are those that have chips integrated into the motherboards or in the CPU. These cards tend to offer a fairly limited performance, however, they’re significantly less expensive.

Dedicated cards, on the other hand, are installed independently on the motherboard. In addition to the difference in performance, dedicated cards have their own graphics memory, leaving 100% of the RAM free for the operating system and programs.

AMD vs NVIDIA which one is best:

If you’re building a gaming PC you have to pick one GPU from AMD or NVIDIA. Both companies manufacture the finest GPUs, driven by their supremacy and hierarchy.

However, while buying a graphics card your focus should be on performance, features, drivers, software, power, and efficiency, pricing, and much more rather than just a brand name.

Amd Vs Nvidia

Fun Fact: The battle for market share between AMD and NVIDIA is brewing since the late 1990s, with NVIDIA currently leading the GPU field in most metrics.

AMD graphics cards are worthy of their costs and they provide more features for the price of a small amount. If you have got a moderate budget of $200-$300 then the options are different in this range because AMD only has two choices. Whereas, Nvidia offers top-of-the-line GPUs. If you are looking for a high-performance GPU for your next gaming build then you will eventually pay more for the performance.

How to install a GPU:

To play games or watch videos, or play music you’ll require a graphic card installed on your laptop or computer. To do this, the most popular connectors are 6 pins or 8-pin PCIe.

  • Step 1: You’ll require your graphics card along with the appropriate tools and screwdriver. 
  • Step 2: Install it into the open x16 slot and check that there are no PCI-E blockages.
  • Step 3: Place the card in the slot, then press down on the lock that is located at the bottom of the slot for PCI-E.
  • Step 4: Make use of a screw to fix the bracket for retention made of metal on your graphics card. 
  • Step 5: After that, connect the additional power connectors that will be required. 
  • Step 6: Check that the connection to your power source is tightly connected.

The Motherboard:

The motherboard is actually a large printed circuit board in the computer that connects all the components needed to build a PC.

There are many motherboards, of different dimensions, designed for different processors and different sockets and chipsets. The most common dimensions are E-ATX, ATX, Micro-ATX, and Mini-ITX, from largest to smallest. All of these types of motherboards can stall AMD or Intel processors.

The motherboard chipset is the one that dictates how the connections are going to be distributed across the motherboard buses, and it is consistent with the processor range and specifications

Some of the leading motherboard manufacturers are Asus, MSI, and Gigabyte.

Installing a Motherboard

Confused Which Motherboard to Go For? We’ve Got You Covered!

Discount: $30.00
ASUS ROG Strix Z690
ASUS ROG Strix Z690
$349.99 −$30.00 $319.99
Discount: $10.79
ASUS TUF Gaming H570
ASUS TUF Gaming H570
Intel LGA 1200 socket: Ready for 11th Gen Intel Core processors
$189.99 −$10.79 $179.20
GIGABYTE TRX40 AORUS Master
GIGABYTE TRX40 AORUS Master
Supports 3rd Gen AMD Ryzen Threadripper processors; Quad Channel ECC/ Non-ECC Unbuffered DDR4 8 DIMMs
$1,089.00

How and which components connect with the motherboard:

The motherboard socket is the hole where the processor or CPU is inserted, it is very important not to damage it as it will almost certainly lead to a useless motherboard.

On the motherboard, you’ll also find PCIe ports (for graphics cards generally), DIMMs (for RAM), and power connectors to which the power supply is connected.

All the motherboards mentioned have in common a 24-pin connector for power.

MSI vs ASUS vs GIGABYTE:

MSI is the cheapest of the 3, while ASUS and GIGABYTE have a higher price. The truth is that the last two offer spectacular performance, but their price is not so attractive, at least when you leave the range “Prime” or “TUF” from ASUS.

Tip: Not all GPUs will work with all motherboards, so make sure you choose the correct card. You should pay attention to features like CPU overlock capabilities, lighting, and connectivity options when buying a motherboard.

Prepare The Motherboard:

  • Make sure the processor and socket are clean before installing.
  • Then install the RAM memory in the memory slots, keeping in mind that each manufacturer will assign different slots depending on whether it is a dual, quadrant, or triple channel.
  • We recommend that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions written in the user manual.

Random Access Memory (RAM):

RAM is a storage space for information that the CPU is actively processing. This is the short-term memory of your computer.

RAM memory comes with two distinct characteristics that are differentiated from other types of storage. On the one hand, it has an enormous speed and on the other hand, the data is only stored at temperature really that means every time you restart or shut down your PC the standard thing is that the data stored in RAM is wiped out or erased

To build a high-end or mid-range gaming PC you will at least need 16 to 32 GB of RAM. Be aware of the fact that not all type of RAM is compatible with all components. In addition, RAM is also required to be compatible with the processor and motherboard

There are so many companies that make RAM for gaming or normal builds and laptops but a few which are actually famous due to their performance are Corsair, G.Skill,  Kingston Technology and Micron.

CORSAIR vs G.SKILL which one is better:

There is not any significant difference between these two, the G.Skill is faster in terms of clock speed. however, the Corsair is more precise in its timing. But Corsair is one of the most trusted names when we talk about the best options of RAM available in the market, especially the vengeance series.

How to install RAM:

DDR3 memory is the most commonly used type in most PCs, though older memory can also be utilized.

The speed of the ram must be taken into consideration when purchasing the new memory. To install it take the following steps.

Step 1: Make sure that the notch on the bottom edge of the RAM matches the increase in the memory slot

Step 2: Move the plastic retention levers to lock the new memory modules.

The Storage Hard Drive (HDD):

Because RAM is temporary memory and does not store data without power you need to get a long-term storage device it can be a hard drive or SSD.

It is well known that hard drives are less expensive and more sluggish than SSD. However, SSD can cost you a higher price. You can choose a hard drive according to your demands and requirements.

The store is a drive that is non-volatile which means that stored data is preserved even when your computer is turned off. Memory and storage work in conjunction with the computers processor CPU to access and use data.

Hard Drive

Hard Drive (HDD) Vs Solid State Drive (SSD):

HDDs (hard drives) are cheaper and you can get more storage space. But SSDs are faster, lighter, more durable, and use less power. Your needs will determine which storage unit will work best for you.

Installing the Hard Drive:

Hard drives are usually located at the bottom of the front of the chassis, near to the fans and away from other components.

Drives are typically mounted perpendicular to the bottom of the chassis, while cage-mounted drives are typically placed parallel to the bottom of the case, by attaching 4 screws.

The majority uses the SATA interface, which has simple cables shaped appropriately to fit the connector on the drive and the motherboard. Connect one end of the SATA cable to the drive and the other to the SATA port on the motherboard.

Prepare Hard Drive for Use:

Perform these steps:

  • Step 1: Power on the system and enter BIOS / UEFI by pressing the F2 DEL keys right after powering on the system. The following message will be displayed: “Press DEL to enter setup”. Consult your motherboard manual to obtain the key.
  • Step 2: In BIOS, go to the Standard SATA System Settings menu to see all the drives installed in the system. If all the drive drivers are enabled and the drive is connected properly it should show up in the BIOS. Adjust the cables if not.
  • Step 3: To confirm that Windows recognizes the drive, open Device Manager. Check if the drive is connected in the Disk drives section. Lastly, format the drive.

The Cooling System:

It can be further divided into:

PC Case Fans:

Most of us think, when we see a fan or fan act in a PC case, how nice they look with their little blades and the warm air they take out of the box. However, these small devices fulfill a more than important function in the computer, and perhaps without them, PCs would have a much shorter useful life than they do today.

A PC fan(s) as it is also more popularly known, is one of the most important elements within the PC since they fulfill the not inconsiderable task of keeping the case of the computer at a normal operating temperature. itself, and without them, the heat will most likely extend beyond the tolerable limits of the motherboard components, video card, and other parts of the computer.

Installing a PC Case Fan

Normally, most fans have their own thermal paste to be applied during assembly, if not, you will have to purchase it separately.

You don’t have to apply too much thermal paste, as it could have heating problems. We recommend that you place the refrigerator on the top or back of the box for proper aeration.

The most common fan sizes are in the range of 70mm to 140mm, but there are fans up to 230mm that are becoming more and more popular. Fans with a diameter of 120mm are the most common to be installed. You must maintain positive pressure inside the box and follow the instructions indicated by the manufacturer.

Installing a PC Case Fan

Water Cooling:

Water-cooled PCs are a feast for the eyes, they also provide some notable benefits over traditional air-cooled systems with nothing but heat sinks and fans. First is the noise. Rather than having more than 8 fans blowing air in different directions within its chassis, a water-cooling circuit requires only a few fans, especially when both the CPU and GPU are connected to the circuit.

Water Cooling in a Pc case

The PC Case:

The case of a computer is mainly used to physically mount all the components inside the computer such as motherboard, GPU, hard disk, fans, etc.

The PC case may be the most overlooked and underrated component of a desktop computer it shields the internal components of the computer from external influences and usually, comes with the built-in power supply.

A well-designed PC case will allow easy access to the interior parts for maintenance or replacement. It will also optimize the airflow inside the case to minimize the risk of overheating.

The best PC case manufacturers nowadays are Lian Li, Corsair, Cooler Master, NZXT, In Win, and Thermaltake. They are not only in the game of making the best PC case but a war of making a unique-looking PC case is also going on between them.

The Monitor:

A monitor is an electronic output device for the computer. The term “monitor” usually refers to the video screen, and its main function is to allow you to interact with the computer.

A typical computer comes with an LCD screen that is equipped with CRT (cathode tube rays) technology, which is the same technology that is used in televisions.

However, today there is TFT (thin-film transistor) technology that significantly reduces the volume of monitors.

There are so many famous brands who made computers and laptops and LED monitors as well. Some of them are Dell, HP, and Lenovo. Other famous brands that make high-performing monitors are Samsung, LG, Acer, Alienware, BenQ, etc.

What are the Different Types of Monitors?

Monitors can have different special characteristics, one of them is the pixel factor, but there is also the response time to display a graphic (Monitors For Graphic Designing), its resolution, shape or size.

Types of Monitors:

There are many types, in fact, each type is further divided according to the technology launched recently. Some common and well-known types are;

  • LCD Monitors
  • TFT Monitors
  • Plasma Display Monitors
  • LED Monitor

The Operating System:

The operating system is the set of computer programs, that allows the effective control of a computer’s resources.

The operating system is also known as software or system and can be defined as the set of programs that are specifically designed to perform various tasks, in which it acts as an intermediary between the user and the computer. The operating system represents the most important program that runs on the computer. It begins to work as soon as the computer is turned on. It is in charge of controlling the hardware and allows communication with the user.

Why OS is Necessary For All Parts Of a PC to Function?

  • The primary task of an operating system is to handle computer resources and tasks as well as coordinate hardware and manage directories in files on computer storage devices.
  • It also fulfills other functions such as managing the exchange of internal memory between the various applications, running several programs at the same time, managing the exchange of internal memory between applications, and dealing with the input and output of the hardware devices.
  • Some operating systems allow you to manage a large number of users and others to control hardware devices. One of the most popular functions of the operating system is to Store memory to speed up the execution of applications that users use.

The most used Operating System:

The user interface of each operating system looks different so switching from one system to another may feel strange at first but all I have very similar functions.

All operating systems are designed to be easy to use and the basic principles are the same in all of them. Therefore, if you know how to handle one you can easily adapt to another.

Windows: Developed in the 1980s by Microsoft.

Windows comes preinstalled on most computers and laptops. Therefore, it is the most popular operating system.

Linux: The cool thing about Linux is that it is an open-source operating system which means it can be modified and distributed by anyone around the world.

However, it is also true that in our homes it is very less used unlike windows and the companies that use Linux that is because it is easy to customize.

Mac OS: it is an operating system created by Apple Inc. and it comes installed on all their computers.

Operating Systems

Input Devices:

Input devices are the equipment and components that allow you to enter information into the processing unit.

Some examples of input devices are a keyboard, mouse, scanner, webcam, stylus, and microphone.

There are many ways to interact with them and all have a different purpose that can be the digitization of a text or an image, capturing a video sequence or for recording of a song, etc.

Characteristics of Input Devices:

  • Input devices are connected with the hardware of a computer and connected to it wirelessly or through a cable
  • They receive information that the user provides and transmit it to a computer
  • These devices receive information in different formats such as audio text or images and then encoded it so that it is understandable by the computer.

Commonly used Input Devices:

  • The mouse is a device that is operated by hand and that allows you to move a cursor on the computer screen to perform actions the most can be connected to the computer wirelessly or via a cable.
  • The scanner is a device that comes with a light beam and text light and dark patterns and thus converts a physical image into a digital one and copies the document as it is on the computer.
  • The keyboard is a device found by the keys and when pressed it allows you to enter information and data into the computer keyboards are made with numbers and letters and other functions and come on keys and can be connected with the computer wirelessly or with the cable.
  • The microphone is a device that allows audio input to the computer and is useful for entering recordings and making video conferences mostly laptops have this built-in feature.

Tools Needed To Assemble A PC:

Imagine being about the plug the new hard drive connector and realizing that you don’t have the screwdriver or flashlight.

Or think about the time when you are trying to replace your old power supply and there is a zip tie holding the old cable and you don’t have anything to cut it.

Well, it won’t happen to you because we collected the list of tools you will need while building your PC.

Tools For a PC Build

What Tools Do I Need Before a Building PC:

To assemble a computer, you don’t need a large array of tools so don’t worry because you don’t need to rob a hardware store and fill the truck with a lot of things that you do not even know how to pronounce.

With a little more than a screwdriver and a pair of pliers, you have enough to mount a computer.

All the recommendations we wrote here for you are also applicable in the case of assembling a gaming PC.

  • Screwdriver and cutting pliers
  • Never forget to put Thermal Paste
  • Get rid of static electricity with Gloves, and an anti-static bracelet.
  • If you want to order the cables you will need some cable ties. Read our complete Cable Management guide
  • Don’t forget the Flashlight.

Common Questions About a PC Build:

What parts are needed to build a pc?

Essential parts to build a pc are a processor (CPU), Graphics card (GPU), RAM, SSD or hard drive, power supply (PSU), and a case to mount all these components.

Why you should build a pc?

Building your own PC still offers as much flexibility in choosing components of your own choice and it’s also fun to build a custom PC.

What tools do I need to build a pc?

To create a custom computer, you need to prepare some tools. They are listed below.
·      Magnetic screwdriver
·      Antistatic wristband
·      Cable shears
·      Cable tiles
·     And FlashLight

What to do after building a pc

Enter the BIOS to check that it detects all your storage units and activates the XMP profile of the RAM memories. Install Windows, we highly recommend that you do it with the PC connected to the Internet.

How much to build a computer?

It totally depends on the components you select for building your PC. But remember that building your own PC doesn’t cost you any less than a pre-built computer but, in this case, you have the choice to buy the best options available in the market within your budget or buying range.

How do I know my pc parts will work together?

If you are thinking of building a new computer, one of the things to keep in mind is that you cannot choose just any component for your computer.

One of the steps to carry out when we are in the process of choosing components is to check the compatibility of the new component chosen with the previous ones, thus ensuring that you’ll have the best possible performance.